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Recruitment and Selection Approaches in Examination

Analysis of Various Approaches for Recruitment and Selection

Recruitment and Selection Approaches in Examination

Human Resource Management is indispensible part of each and every organization. If right people is employed in right time with requisite skills and qualifications than it will be organization who will be benefited out of it. Therefore, it becomes crucial for the managers to have talented manpower within the company. When analyzing the hospitality industry, it is often found that quality of service and products is the major source of achieving competitive advantage for them. This can be made possible by hiring right and potential candidates in to the hotel. Hence, human resource planning gains greater importance in hospitality industry.

Recruitment is defined as a process which makes available qualified and skillful candidates as and when required by the organization. These applicants can be sourced by different ways such as internal and external source of staffing. The eligible candidates are invited for the interview and managers need to select best from the pool of applicants. The staffing process reflects the positive approach as there is no elimination. On the other hand, selection is negative because of rejection of applicants.

In this research report, emphasis is being given to recruitment and selection and its various approaches in Fairmont group of hotels, London. In order to evaluate and have understanding in relation with the particular topic, qualitative research is being done. Many literatures and journals from scholars and authors were explored to determine various alternatives routes of staffing methods which the hotel has not yet adopted. For this purpose, interview was arranged between the different managerial heads and employees of the group. Information was collected by taking help of questionnaire. The final part of the research report shows the result of the study. In the conclusion part many recommendations were also suggested for the hotel in order to improve their operational efficiency.

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1.1 Introduction of the topic

The main aim of this project is to evaluate the recruitment and selection approaches adopted by the Fairmont group of hotels, London. It also focuses on examining various alternatives routes that have not been used by the hotel till so far. Many researchers and practitioners have drawn their attention on this subject of recruitment and selection over a long period of time. Many renowned authors from Human Resource Management have written and shared their view in the area of recruitment and selection (Bonn, 1992). This process makes sure by having right people at the right location and time. People so appointed must deliver operational excellence and business development which ultimately makes contributions by achieving the overall objectives of the firm leads to success.

Now days, increasing importance to ensure right people is highly apparent. Focus is given to have best people, who will become a part of manpower of the organization (Cooper, Robertson and Tinline, 2003). This is all because of the fact that human resource is now became the major source of competitive advantage for the firm. Although, there are many organization who revealed that their success in future to a large extent lies on the quality if employees hired in the firm and retaining them. Quality of employees here means people with suitable attitudes, skill, ability, personality to perform and knowledge (Bohlander and Snell, 2009). Those companies, who attempt to fill the gap and fit the right employee within their structure, incur many financial costs. It involves lengthy procedure which also consumes lots of time and efforts. However, despite the recent economic slowdown which has increased the rate of unemployment, there is still increase in the level of competition for skilful and talented individual in most of the sectors. As a result, if the companies fail in hiring right people for the right job, the resultant costs can be not the cost of not recruiting the right people for the right jobs can be very demoralizing. By having potential candidates, organization will be in a position to develop the capabilities of the company and thereby, provides stability (Morrison, M. A., 1996). By taking reference from the present recruitment and selection methods adopted by the Fairmont group of hotels, this research study will try to find and review the sayings of authoritative practitioners and researchers in this regards.

1.2 Research subject

The main research undertaken is on the Recruitment and Selection approaches that can be applied in Fairmount Group of Hotels and examining the various alternatives route as well. The core industry selected for this research is Hospitality industry. It is defined as one of the fastest growing industries in the world. These Industries includes a wide variety of companies and groups offering food service and accommodation. Under this research project various aspects of Recruitment and selection, different approaches, methods, types and their benefits is being explored. The core themes that would be investigated in this report would be the various approaches of recruitment and selection, factors affecting these processes and various theories related to recruitment. Research will also focus on Human resource, their varied functions and importance as they are considered as the asset of the company. They also play a major role in the process related to recruitment and selection. In hospitality industry, human resource is considered as the backbone, providing support to the company and from their hold organisation sustain in the market. Hospitality sectors are also the biggest sectors which provide employment to almost 41.8 million people (Hospitality, n.d). Therefore, it becomes obligatory to explore the various methods and approaches for selecting the best candidate for the respective job.

1.3 Research Background

The research background selected in this dissertation writing is the recruitment and selection approaches in the hospitality industry. Recruitment is the process of inviting a pool of applications for the respective jobs. As, the manpower plays a vital role in almost all types of organization, this research study will also focus on identifying the various sources of manpower which fulfils the specifications of the required job. Recruitment and selection process is considered as the important function of human resource management because it is the manpower who takes an organization to seventh sky. Therefore, it becomes crucial to select right people for the right job. Numerous of methods available for the Hospitality industry in order to recruit manpower, but the best method adopted will change the spectrum of the company. In an organization, there are many factors which influence the process of recruitment. In this relation the focus is being given to the various factors affecting these processes.

1.4 Research Question

In a report, the right direction for the successful accomplishment of the subject taken under consideration is being provided by the research question. This help in completion of a report in an efficient way. The structure of the report i.e. its aims and objectives can be formed by taking help of a research question. A detailed analysis of the project is made possible by this question of the research (McBurney and White, 2009). In this perspective, the questionnaire for this report highlights the recruitment and selection process adopted by the Fairmount group of hotels and various other alternative routes in order to improve its operational efficiency and quality of services.

1.5 Research Aims and Objectives

The main aim of this study is to critically evaluate the current recruitment and selection process of the Fairmont hotel London and also to examine an alternative recruitment route that has not been used so far in Fairmont group of hotels. The research is also going to present a thought on the various theories and methods of recruitment and selection. There are many factors which affect the recruitment of candidates in an organisation. Company should take care of these factors while formulating recruitment policies. This research will also provide some introduction about the various functions of the Human resource management and the ways to improve the efficiencies in these functions. In hospitality industry, quality of services is considered as the heart. Thus, emphasis is given to adopt best practices which improve the quality of product and services in respective organisation. In Association with this aim, some of the objectives of this research work are stated below:

  • To evaluate the approaches of recruitment and selection adopted by the Fairmount group of hotels.
  • To investigate alternative methods that has not been used by the hotel till so far in order to improve the operational efficiency.
  • To assess the importance of recruitment and selection in an organization.
  • To study the various sources of recruitment and selection.

1.6 Research Methodology

In this research study, researcher will be going to use both the primary and secondary sources to gather information. For collecting the primary data, questionnaire method through interview would be used by the researcher (Kumar, n.d). On the other hand, secondary data will be collected by assessing various past evidences and data. Number of books, journals and articles would also be explored by the researcher in literature review part of the research (Data collection methods, n.d). The main objective behind the use of interview method in this research study is to collect some information and response of the respondents in regards with the method for recruitment and various benefits availed through that process (Qualitative research methods, n.d). The interview is conducted among the employees and managers of the Fairmount Group of hotels in order to have a clear a picture about the topic.

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1.7 Research Rationale

Any research work undertaken by the researcher is based on its significance in this contemporary business environment. The topic under this research also has high degree of importance in the field of hospitality industry. In these industries major role is being played by the workforce and their quality of performance. Thus, it becomes mandatory for the company to recruit best candidate for the requisite job. Recruitment and selection is one of most crucial function of human resource management (Price, 2007). It is all about managing the skills, abilities, capabilities and knowledge of individual within the organization.
There are many approaches of recruitment and selection through which organization can have talented workforce, but it depends on the type of method being used. Now days, recruiting staff is very costly affairs. After investing so much of money, if wrong person got selected than it ruins the future profits and prospects of the company (Compton and Nankervis, n.d). Many benefits can be availed by the company by adopting effective method of recruitment and selection. It also helps in infusing fresh blood in to the organization which takes the company in to the path of success. If the firm make use of right method of recruitment than it helps in increasing the success rate of the selection process. Thus, it provides support and helps the firm to secure its valuable time which can be utilized in some other productive work.
This research study will also investigate the factors that influence the recruitment and selection process of the company. There are many internal and external factors which impacts the staffing of the candidates such as, size and culture of the organization, quality of work life, growth, rate of employment and condition of the labour market. This research report will also help the company who want to alter their staffing approach in order to improve and increase their operational efficiency. Academic area will be benefited up to great extent by all the data accumulated in this research. The result of this research will also provide assistance to Fairmount group of hotels as well as many other hotels to adopt right and effective recruitment and selection approaches.

1.8 Structure of the Research

All the accomplished research follows a chronological steps and it is treated as a structured piece of work. Each and every aspect in the research work is inter-related with each other and therefore, all the steps are properly composed in the form series of chapters. The present research report is also arranged in chronological chapter. Briefing of chapter included in this research is explained below:
Chapter 1: Introduction – The introduction part of the research gives an apparent idea about the subject of the research and its background in a comprehensive way. Each research is undertaken in order to accomplish certain objectives. These aims provide a rationale for the selection of the topic or subject. This chapter of the study also defines the relevant objective in specific headings for conducting the research. Besides all of the above, it gives a concise discussion on the method of research used in the project. This provides a pithy introduction about the research methodology that is being undertaken in the succeeding sections.
Chapter 2: Literature Review – This is the second part of the dissertation. It is being formulated in the form of a literature survey. Literature review chapter plays a significant role as compared to all the other sections in the research study. It gives a detail information and view about the topic and its related aspects. Books, journals and scholarly articles are assessed in relation with the issues and title of the study. The literature review chapter in this report focuses on the various approaches of recruitment and selection adopted by the Fairmount group of hotels and many other alternatives routes in order to improve the operational efficiency of the hotel. It also presents a brief introduction about the recruitment and selection, its process, types and factors affecting them. Under this section, articles from various renowned authors will also be reviewed so as to gain detail understanding about the recruitment and selection methods and their impact on the employees and working of an organization.
Chapter 3: Research Methodology – This is the third section of the research and it gives details about the methodologies of research. These methods were used in order to collect and analyze the information (Research methodology: an introduction, n.d). Justification of the research method selected in the study is also explained by taking help of many research philosophy and method. Other than this, many other aspects such as ethical considerations, limitation, validity and reliability are also being defined under this head. This is done so as to maintain exactitude of research.
Chapter 4: Findings – This chapter develops the findings of the research. Findings can be inferred from the primary data collected and by applying proper research methodology. The result of the study generally depends upon the nature of data collected. Here, in this research all the findings are being presented in a qualitative form. This is because the data is collected by using interview method with the further help of questionnaire. In order to present the result of gathered data and to gain the insight of the outcome, thematic analysis is also done in this research study.
Chapter 5: Discussion and Analysis – The result engendered from the primary data collected is analyzed and discussed in this chapter of the research study. This is being undertaken so as to provide support to the facts discovered from the finding part of the data (Data analysis, n.d). For sustaining the result of the study in most reliable manner, various concepts are also included in the literature review part of the research.
Chapter 6: Conclusion and Recommendations – This chapter is the final part of the study. The result of the findings is presented in line with the pre-determined objectives of the research. Along with this, some of the limitations of the study are also included. Some recommendations are also suggested for future research work to be done in this regards and will enhance the understanding of Fairmount group of hotels in relation to recruitment and selection approaches as well.

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1.9 Conclusion

Recruitment is defined as the process of discovering the potential applicant for fulfilling the actual or probable vacancies in the organization. The main purpose of recruitment is to find or establish various sources of manpower in order to meet out the specifications and needs of the job. In hospitality industry, manpower plays a very significant role (Nickson, n.d). Therefore, it becomes essential for them to adopt right method for recruiting and selecting candidates. There are many factors which influences these processes in an organization, so each and every company need to consider all these factors in their intellects. This report will analyze the various approaches of recruitment and selection adopted by the Fairmount group of hotels and also examined different methods that have not been used by the hotel so far. These methods will also help and support other hotels to improve their efficiency and operational system.


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